SEYSS-INQUART, ARTHUR°


SEYSS-INQUART, ARTHUR°
SEYSS-INQUART, ARTHUR° (1892–1946), Austrian Nazi lawyer who prior to the Anschluss was active in nationalist circles. He was appointed by the Austrian chancellor Kurt von Scnushnigg to the Council of State in the hope that he would mediate with the extreme Right. In 1938, because of German pressure on Austria, Seyss-Inquart was appointed minister of the interior in the Austrian cabinet, a function in which he executed the coup that led to the Austrian Anschluss to Germany that year. He then became chancellor of Austria, and later Reichsstatthalter (a high official whose task was to coordinate the activities of various ministries in occupied territories). In October 1939 he became deputy governor general of Poland, where he looked for territory for the Lublin Reservation. On May 19, 1940, he was appointed Reichskommissar for Holland, with the hope that he could copy his Austrian performance in Holland. He remained in this post until the German capitulation on May 5, 1945. Seyss-Inquart was known for his devotion to national-socialism and his blind obedience to Hitler. His antisemitism was less extreme than that of many other Nazi leaders, but this did not prevent him from efficiently carrying out the persecution of the Jews in Holland. Only occasionally was he more moderate, probably for political reasons. Still he took an active role in the deportation of Jews in Holland. He wanted to be the initiator of operations and not have outside parties infringing on his area of responsibility. However, he never entered into conflict with Hitler on any policy, so that Hitler, as a token of his esteem, designated Seyss-Inquart foreign minister in his will. Sentenced to death at the Nuremberg trials, Seyss-Inquart was executed by hanging. -BIBLIOGRAPHY: E. Davidson, Trial of the Germans (1966), 446–82; G.M. Gilbert, Nuremberg Diary (1947), index; IMT, Trial of the Major War Criminals, 24 (1949), index; H.J. Neumann, Arthur Seyss-Inquart (Dutch, 1967). (Jozeph Michman (Melkman) / Michael Berenbaum (2nd ed.)

Encyclopedia Judaica. 1971.

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  • Seyss-Inquart, Arthur — (1892–1946)    A lawyer by training, Seyss Inquart was appointed by Austrian chancellor Kurt von Schuschnigg as a mediator between himself and the Austrian Nazis. In February 1938, Adolf Hitler pressured Schuschnigg to appoint Seyss Inquart as… …   Historical dictionary of the Holocaust

  • Seyss-Inquart, Arthur — born July 22, 1892, Stannern, near Iglau, Bohemia, Austria Hungary died Oct. 16, 1946, Nürnberg, Ger. Austrian Nazi leader. He served in the Austro Hungarian army during World War I and was seriously wounded. Later a lawyer in Vienna, he became a …   Universalium

  • Seyss-Inquart, Arthur — (22 jul. 1892, Stannern, cerca de Iglau, Bohemia, Austria Hungría–16 oct. 1946, Nuremberg, Alemania). Dirigente nazi austríaco. Sirvió en el ejército austro húngaro durante la primera guerra mundial y fue gravemente herido. Más tarde fue abogado… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Arthur Seyss-Inquart — Federal Chancellor of Austria In office 11 March 1938 – 13 March 1938 President Wilhelm Miklas Preceded by Kurt S …   Wikipedia

  • Seyss-Inquart — Arthur Seyss Inquart Arthur Seyss Inquart lors du procès de Nuremberg Arthur Seyss Inquart, né le 22 juillet 1892 et mort par pendaison le 16 octobre 1946, était un homme politique autrichien, partisan du national socialisme, qui fa …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Arthur Seyss-Inquart — lors du procès de Nuremberg. Mandats 16e chancelier fédéral d Autriche 11 mars …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Arthur Seyss-Inquart — Arthur Seyß Inquart bei einer Ansprache vor der Ordnungspolizei in Den Haag (1940) Arthur Seyß Inquart (* 22. Juli 1892 in Stannern als Arthur Zajtich; † 16. Oktober 1946 in Nürnberg) war ein …   Deutsch Wikipedia

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  • Arthur Seyß-Inquart — Arthur Seyss Inquart Arthur Seyss Inquart lors du procès de Nuremberg Arthur Seyss Inquart, né le 22 juillet 1892 et mort par pendaison le 16 octobre 1946, était un homme politique autrichien, partisan du national socialisme, qui fa …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Arthur — /ahr theuhr/, n. 1. Chester Alan, 1830 86, 21st president of the U.S. 1881 85. 2. legendary king in ancient Britain: leader of the Knights of the Round Table. 3. a male given name. * * * (as used in expressions) Port Arthur Adamov Arthur Arthur s …   Universalium


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